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Severe Mental illness

Can mental health affect physical health

Severe Mental illness

Can mental health affect physical health

Mental health problems do not happen in isolation. It has been estimated that 46% of people with a mental disorder have a long-term physical problem (Naylor et al., 2012). A study shows that, on average, people with a serious mental illness have a life expectancy 20 years younger than the general population, often the cause of death is due to preventable physical illness. Severe Mental illness

People affected by a mental health problem are more likely to suffer from other pathologies such as diabetes, heart disease, and colon and breast cancer, for example.

Therefore, when referring to mental health or physical health, these should not be treated separately because there are many associations between mental health and chronic diseases that have a significant impact on people. Severe Mental illness

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a good state of health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not just the absence of disease.” In addition, WHO advocates the integration of physical and mental health care because “there is no health without mental health.” On the day of Mental Health, October 10, we identified some effects of psychological state on physical health, and vice versa.

Can mental health affect physical health

Depression and anxiety increase the chance of cardiovascular disease

Depression is one of the biggest health problems in the world. WHO expects that in 2020, depression will be the leading cause of disability for the population worldwide. In addition, there are several studies that relate anxiety and depression to the increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease and cancer.

The side effects of the medication

The medication can cause adverse impacts on the physical health of people with physical or mental illness, for example causing a rapid weight gain that can have an impact on health. Sometimes, patients do not receive enough information about the medication they take and the effects they can cause. Severe Mental illness

Diagnosis and monitoring

Often the physical ailments of a person with a mental disorder are seen as another manifestation of their illness, rather than being treated as a condition or condition separate from the disease. This can cause a delay in the treatment of the physical ailments of these people. In addition, if there are no physical health checks of these patients, for example in primary care, to identify possible ailments of this type, the treatment will take even longer to arrive.does mental health affect physical health

does mental health affect physical health

Lifestyle factors.

There are many factors that affect people with a physical or mental illness when eating healthy or exercising. Some of these factors are social exclusion or stigma, very present around mental illness, or lack of a routine. Therefore, it is important that this group has support to maintain quality and healthy lifestyle.

how does mental health affect physical health?

Mental / body health: Stress

Probably, we have all felt stress. Sometimes it is for a brief moment and due to some situation, such as being in heavy traffic. Other times, it is more persistent and complex as when we have problems with our relationships, some family member is sick or due to the death of the spouse. Sometimes stress can motivate us to achieve certain tasks.

Dangerous Stress

Stress is dangerous when it interferes with your ability to live a normal life for an extended period of time. You may feel “out of control” and have no idea what to do, even if the cause is relatively insignificant. This, in turn, can cause you to be continuously fatigued, unable to concentrate or irritable in normally calm situations. Severe Mental illness

Prolonged stress can increase any emotional problem that has arisen from traumatic events in your past, and increase suicidal thoughts.

Natural reactions

Stress can also affect your physical health due to the internal response mechanisms that the human body has. You can sweat just thinking about an important date, or feel your heart racing while watching a scary movie. These reactions are caused by hormones that scientists believe helped our ancestors deal with the threats and uncertainties of the world in which they lived. Severe Mental illness

does mental health affect physical health

If the cause of your stress is temporary, the physical effects are usually short-lived. In one study, the pressure of taking exams increased the degree of acne among college students, regardless of how they fed or slept. The condition decreased after the exams passed. Abdominal pain and irregularity have also been related to situational stress.
The longer your mind feels stressed, the longer your system of physical reactions will remain activated. This can lead to greater health problems.

Physical wear

The saying that stress ages a person faster than normal was recently verified in a study of women who had spent many years caring for disabled or very sick children. Because their bodies were not able to completely regenerate blood cells, it was found that these women were physically ten years older than their chronological age.
Long-term stress reactions can alter the body’s immune system in ways that are associated with other ageing conditions such as frailty, decreased functionality, coronary heart disease, osteoporosis, inflammatory arthritis, type 2 diabetes, and some types of cancer.
Research also suggests that stress makes it impossible for the brain to block certain toxins and other larger, potentially harmful molecules. This condition is also common in patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. Severe Mental illness

Pressure Points

Although the emotional stress that arises unexpectedly has been linked to severe heart dysfunction in normally healthy people, scientists are not sure if chronic stress alone causes heart disease. What is clear is that excessive stress will worsen existing risk factors like cardiovascular disease and high cholesterin levels. Studies also show that people who react with courage or exhibit frequent hostility – a common behaviour in those under stress – have a higher risk of heart disease.

does mental health affect physical health
Feelings of despair that accompany stress will simply develop into chronic depression, a condition that leads you to neglect a balanced diet and activity habits. This, in turn, can increase your risk of having a heart attack, obesity and kidney dysfunction.
Stress can also complicate your ability to recover in case of a serious illness. A Swedish study found that women who have suffered heart attacks tend to have less chance of recovery if they are also experiencing marital stress such as infidelity, alcohol abuse, or the couple’s physical or psychiatric illness. On the other hand, stress management training is a proven method to help a speedy recovery after a heart attack.

What can you do

Learning to deal with stress effectively is a worthwhile effort, even if you already consider yourself capable of handling any situation that life presents you.

Many of the most common long-term stressors (illness in the family, wound recovery, work pressures) often arise concurrently and without warning. Severe Mental illness

Stress management is especially valuable if your family includes a history of cardiovascular disease and alternative sorts of cardiovascular disease.

How does mental health affect physical health

Identify the cause. You may find that your stress arises from something that is easy to correct. A psychologist can help you define and analyze these stressors and develop an action plan to deal with them. watch your moods.

If you feel stressed during the day, write what caused it, along with your thoughts and mood. Again, you may find that the cause is less serious than you thought in the first instance. Make time for yourself at least two or three times a week. Even ten minutes a day of “personal time” can help you refresh your mental vision and reduce or stop your body’s stress response systems.Severe Mental illness

Turn off the phone, spend time alone in your room, exercise, or meditate with your favourite music. Stay away from the situation for a moment when you feel courage. Before reacting, take time mentally to calm down, counting to ten.

Then observe the situation again. Walking or other physical activities will help you release pressure. Analyze your schedule. Study your priorities and delegate the tasks you can. For example, order food outside after a strong day, share responsibilities at home. Eliminate tasks you should do but are not essential. Severe Mental illness

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